Commercial/Multifamily Mortgage Debt Outstanding Continues Strong Growth

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Ali Ahmad
aahmad@mba.org
(202) 557- 2727

WASHINGTON, D.C. (June 14, 2016) - The level of commercial/multifamily mortgage debt outstanding increased by $35.3 billion in the first quarter of 2016, as three of the four major investor groups increased their holdings.  That is a 1.2 percent increase over the fourth quarter of 2015.   

Total commercial/multifamily debt outstanding rose to $2.86 trillion at the end of the first quarter.  Multifamily mortgage debt outstanding rose to $1.07 trillion, an increase of $18.2 billion, or 1.7 percent, from the fourth quarter of 2015.

"The amount of commercial and multifamily mortgage debt outstanding continues to grow at a strong clip," said Jamie Woodwell, MBA's Vice President of Commercial Real Estate Research.  "Bank holdings and multifamily loans backed by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac drove growth during the quarter. However, the balance of loans held in commercial mortgage-backed securities continues to decline and has now fallen by one third since it peaked in 2007, as more CMBS loans are paid-off and paid down than are originated."

The four major investor groups are: bank and thrift; commercial mortgage backed securities (CMBS), collateralized debt obligation (CDO) and other asset backed securities (ABS) issues; federal agency and government sponsored enterprise (GSE) portfolios and mortgage backed securities (MBS);  and life insurance companies.

The analysis summarizes the holdings of loans or, if the loans are securitized, the form of the security.  For example, many life insurance companies invest both in whole loans for which they hold the mortgage note (and which appear in this data under Life Insurance Companies) and in CMBS, CDOs and other ABS for which the security issuers and trustees hold the note (and which appear here under CMBS, CDO and other ABS issues).

Commercial banks continue to hold the largest share of commercial/multifamily mortgages, $1.1 trillion, or 39 percent of the total.

CMBS, CDO and other ABS issues are the second largest holders of commercial/multifamily mortgages, holding $504 billion, or 18 percent of the total.  Agency and GSE portfolios and MBS hold $472 billion, or 17 percent of the total, and life insurance companies hold $398 billion, or 14 percent of the total.  Many life insurance companies, banks and the GSEs purchase and hold CMBS, CDO and other ABS issues.  These loans appear in the "CMBS, CDO and other ABS" category.

MULTIFAMILY MORTGAGE DEBT OUTSTANDING

Looking solely at multifamily mortgages, agency and GSE portfolios and MBS hold the largest share, with $472 billion, or 44 percent of the total multifamily debt outstanding.  They are followed by banks and thrifts with $352 billion, or 33 percent of the total.  State and local government hold $94 billion, or 9 percent of the total; life insurance companies hold $62 billion, or 6 percent of the total; CMBS, CDO and other ABS issues hold $57 billion, or 5 percent of the total, and nonfarm noncorporate business holds $13 billion, or one percent of the total.

CHANGES IN COMMERCIAL/MULTIFAMILY MORTGAGE DEBT OUTSTANDING

In the first quarter of 2016, banks and thrifts saw the largest increase in dollar terms in their holdings of commercial/multifamily mortgage debt - an increase of $26.4 billion, or 2.5 percent.  Agency and GSE portfolios and MBS increased their holdings by $11.3 billion, or 2.5 percent, and life insurance companies increased their holdings by $5.0 billion, or 1.3 percent.  CMBS, CDO and other ABS issues saw the largest decrease at $11.7 billion, or down 2.3 percent. 

In percentage terms, other insurance companies saw the largest increase in their holdings of commercial/multifamily mortgages, an increase of 8 percent.  CMBS, CDO and other ABS issues saw their holdings decrease 2.3 percent.

CHANGES IN MULTIFAMILY MORTGAGE DEBT OUTSTANDING

The $18.2 billion increase in multifamily mortgage debt outstanding between the fourth quarter of 2015 and first quarter of 2016 represents a 1.7 percent increase.  In dollar terms, agency and GSE portfolios and MBS saw the largest increase in their holdings of multifamily mortgage debt, an increase of $11.3 billion, or 2.5 percent.  Commercial banks increased their holdings of multifamily mortgage debt by $8.0 billion, or 2.3 percent.  State and local government increased by $2.7 billion, or 2.9 percent.  CMBS, CDO and other ABS issues saw the largest decline in their holdings of multifamily mortgage debt, by $5.7 billion, or down 9.2 percent.

In percentage terms, REITs recorded the largest increase in holdings of multifamily mortgages, at 6 percent.  CMBS, CDO and other ABS issues saw the biggest decrease at 9 percent.

MBA's complete Commercial/Multifamily Mortgage Debt Outstanding report can be downloaded here. MBA's analysis is based on data from the Federal Reserve Board's Financial Accounts of the United States, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation's Quarterly Banking Profile and data from Wells Fargo Securities.  More information on this data series is contained in Appendix A.