Loan Maturities Over Time
By Reggie Booker, Jamie Woodwell
February 15, 2019
Source: MBA CREF Database
A decade ago, MBA began collecting information on the volume of commercial and multifamily mortgages, held by non-bank lenders, maturing over the coming years. The data foretold the "wall of maturities" in 2016 and 2017, and also anticipated the fall-off in 2018 and 2019 - ten years after the lending lull seen during the Great Recession. This week's chart, using data from our CREF Database, combines the results of multiple years' surveys and provides a timeline of the changing nature of the market.
Zeroing in on the maturity year 2019, one can see the expanding volume of loans from 2009 until 2013, as ten-, seven- and five-year loans were put on. Then, two opposite forces begin to play. The unpaid principal balance (UPB) of life company and GSE loans (which are generally longer-term in nature) maturing in 2019 began to decline as many of them were paid off or refinanced early. At the same time, loans maturing this year and held in CMBS, mortgage REITs, debt funds and other shorter-term capital sources started to increase - with a particular jump coming from two-year loans made in 2017.
Other years tell different stories. These include: a major surge in two-year loans made in 2018 and maturing in 2020 by investor-driven lenders like debt funds and mortgage REITS; a jump in seven-year loans made by the GSEs in 2017 and 2018, and maturing 2024 to 2025; and the steady refinancing and pay-offs of GSE loans set to mature through 2022.
Commercial mortgages tend to be relatively long-term in nature. As a result, aggregate maturities are spread out over a great many years.