Research Institute for Housing America
In This Section
The Research Institute for Housing America of the Mortgage Bankers Association is a 501(c)(3) trust fund. Its chief purpose is to encourage and aid - through grants and sponsored research to distinguished scholars, educational institutions, research facilities, and government organizations - the pursuit of knowledge of mortgage markets and real estate finance. Learn more
Our Published Reports
Housing-Related Financial Distress During the Pandemic
The COVID-19 pandemic has had a profound impact on public health and the national economy. In the six-month span from January 2020 to the present, the country has gone from an historically low unemployment rate of 3.6% to an economy in freefall in the spring. With initial federal stimulus measures largely having run their course and a rising wave of COVID cases in June and July in the South and West, for many, hopes for a quick recovery have been dashed. Of concern for the housing and mortgage industries specifically and policy makers more generally is the ability of American families to sustain their monthly payment obligations were the recovery to be protracted.
Quantified Parking: Comprehensive Parking Inventories for Five U.S. Cities
Comprehensive parking inventories have never existed for U.S. cities. Because of this, many parking-related questions have never been answered. This uncertainty - not knowing how much parking there is near a site or in a city - is the motivation for this report. By presenting the first complete parking inventories for five U.S. cities, this research reveals an investment in parking that is out of balance with the current demand for parking in almost all cases, and even less in tune with what appears to be declining future demand.
Managing Mortgage Product Development Risk
Mortgage banking is a highly cyclical business, prone to expansion and contraction as market conditions change. Mortgage product innovation is healthy for the industry and consumer so long as product risks and process quality are well understood. This study provides the industry with a framework for addressing both in an integrated manner. A similar approach is also recommended for evaluating all processes used over the loan lifecycle.
Owned Now Rented Later? Housing Stock Transitions and Market Dynamics
This paper documents and analyzes an overlooked but important feature of housing market dynamics: existing homes shift between owner-occupied and rental status over time in response to changes in the home's attributes and local market conditions. This study examines these shifts using 11 years of data from the 2000-2014 Census and American Community Surveys and the 1985-2013 American Housing Survey panel. Drawing on these two sources of information, several important patterns are brought to light.
The Affordability of Owner-Occupied Housing in the United States: Economic Perspectives
There are many conceptualizations of how to measure housing affordability and there are many affordability indexes. All measures are based on judgments of which components of housing costs should be included and judgments about when these costs should be considered excessive. This study reviews existing theory and empirical work about the affordability of owner-occupied housing. It concludes that only a few affordability indexes are well grounded in economic theory, although all contain ad hoc assumptions. One commonly made judgment is that a household's housing cost should be compared with its income, although alternative comparisons such as with housing construction costs have been proposed. Another conclusion reached is that an affordability index should measure the full cost of housing faced by the homeowner.
Diverted Homeowners, the Rental Crisis and Foregone Household Formation
Much has been written already about the housing crisis that precipitated the Great Recession. Among the long-term impacts have been the emergence of a rental housing shortage and an intensified affordability crisis in the rental market. This report analyzes various supply and demand factors that have led to this crisis. In so doing, it provides detailed analysis of the shifts in homeowner and rental demand.
Cognition and the Housing Behavior of Older Americans
America is aging. As the Baby Boom begins to enter retirement years, new challenges are arising with significant implications for both borrowers and lenders. In particular, given the impact of aging on memory and other cognitive skills, there is a need to consider the implication for financial decisions made by older individuals. By the time individuals are arriving into traditional retirement ages, when many important financial decisions are made, cognitive skills are already in decline as part of normal cognitive aging. This report finds a strong correlation between housing behavior and the cognitive decline of older Americans. Importantly, normal cognitive aging also correlates to a potential borrower's ability to make decisions relating to their own housing and financial situation.
A Profile of Housing and Health Among Older Americans
With the aging of America, policy concerns at the intersection of housing and health for older Americans are growing. This paper examines the housing and health status of older Americans. It provides a profile of the housing, functional status and health status of individuals aged 55 and older, using the most recent data available from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS). The paper is designed to lay out basic facts about the current state of housing and health among older Americans, and should be a useful statistical reference for . . .