IMBs Report Net Production Losses in the Second Quarter of 2023
August 17, 2023
Cost to Originate Declines from Previous Record-High
WASHINGTON, D.C. (August 17, 2023) — Independent mortgage banks (IMBs) and mortgage subsidiaries of chartered banks reported a pre-tax net loss of $534 on each loan they originated in the second quarter of 2023, an improvement from the reported loss of $1,972 per loan in the first quarter of 2023, according to the Mortgage Bankers Association’s (MBA) newly released Quarterly Mortgage Bankers Performance Report.
“After 11 consecutive quarters of increases, origination costs declined by over $2,000 per loan during the second quarter of 2023,” said Marina Walsh, CMB, MBA’s Vice President of Industry Analysis. “Volume picked up during the spring homebuying season and additional personnel were shed. However, the substantial cost savings per loan was not enough to put the average net production income in the black.”
Added Walsh, “There were signs of improvement in the second quarter of 2023. Production losses were less severe than the previous two quarters and net servicing financial income was strong. Additionally, the majority of mortgage companies in our survey managed to squeeze out an overall profit during one of the toughest times for the mortgage industry.”
Including both the production and servicing business lines, 58 percent of companies were profitable last quarter, an improvement from 32 percent in the first quarter of 2023 and 25 percent in the fourth quarter of 2022.
Key findings of MBA’s Second-Quarter 2023 Quarterly Mortgage Bankers Performance Report include:
- The average pre-tax production loss was 18 basis points (bps) in the second quarter of 2023, compared to an average net production loss of 68 bps in the first quarter of 2023, and down from a loss of 5 basis points one year ago. The average quarterly pre-tax production profit, from the third quarter of 2008 to the most recent quarter, is 47 basis points.
- The average production volume was $502 million per company in the second quarter, up from $398 million per company in the first quarter. The volume by count per company averaged 1,553 loans in the second quarter, up from 1,264 loans in the first quarter.
- Total production revenue (fee income, net secondary marketing income and warehouse spread) decreased to 328 bps in the second quarter, down from 358 bps in the first quarter. On a per-loan basis, production revenues decreased to $10,510 per loan in the second quarter, down from $11,199 per loan in the first quarter.
- The purchase share of total originations, by dollar volume, increased to a study high of 89 percent in the second quarter. For the mortgage industry as a whole, MBA estimates the purchase share was at 80 percent in the second quarter of 2023.
- The average loan balance for first mortgages increased to $343,386 in the second quarter, up from $329,159 in the first quarter.
- Total loan production expenses – commissions, compensation, occupancy, equipment, and other production expenses and corporate allocations – decreased to $11,044 per loan in the second quarter, down from a study-high $13,171 per loan in the first quarter of 2023. From the third quarter of 2008 to last quarter, loan production expenses have averaged $7,236 per loan.
- The average number of production employees per company declined from 372 production employees in the first quarter of 2023 to 366 production employees in the second quarter of 2023 (on a repeater company basis).
- Servicing net financial income for the second quarter (without annualizing) was $94 per loan, up from $54 per loan in the first quarter. Servicing operating income, which excludes MSR amortization, gains/loss in the valuation of servicing rights net of hedging gains/losses, and gains/losses on the bulk sale of MSRs, was $105 per loan in the second quarter, up from $102 per loan in the first quarter.
- Including all business lines (both production and servicing), 58 percent of the firms in the study posted pre-tax net financial profits in the second quarter, up from 32 percent in the first quarter.
MBA's Mortgage Bankers Performance Report series offers a variety of other performance measures on the mortgage banking industry including revenue and cost breakouts, productivity, product mixes for originations and servicing volume, and pull-through rates. MBA's Mortgage Bankers Performance Report is intended as a financial and operational benchmark for independent mortgage companies, bank subsidiaries and other non-depository institutions. 83 percent of the 344 companies that reported production data for the second quarter of 2023 were independent mortgage companies, and the remaining 17 percent were subsidiaries and other non-depository institutions.
There are five Mortgage Bankers Performance Report publications per year: four quarterly reports and one annual report. Media wishing to view a copy of either report should contact Falen Taylor at (202) 557-2771 or [email protected]. To purchase or subscribe to the publications, call (202) 557-2879. The reports can also be purchased on MBA's website by visiting www.mba.org/PerformanceReport.